Sculptor seeking woman with breast impants for casting

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Cosmetic tourism for breast augmentation : a systematic review. The medical tourism industry, and in particular cosmetic tourism for breast augmentationis becoming an increasingly popular global phenomenon. The objective of this study is to determine the extent of medical literature and the patient risk profiles associated with cosmetic tourism for breast augmentation both locally and abroad.

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The search was conducted through to April Studies pertaining entirely or partly to cosmetic tourism for breast augmentation were considered for inclusion. Exclusion criteria included non-English articles, studies relating to non- cosmetic or non-implant breast augmentationand studies that did not separately report on findings associated with breast augmentation abroad. We identified 17 observational studies. Infectious complications were common. Wound dehiscence and aesthetic dissatisfaction also featured. Catastrophic outcomes such as sepsis, intubation and ventilation, radical bilateral mastectomy, irreversible hypoxic brain injury and death were also reported.

There were expectations that home country health systems would treat complications and provide non-medically indicated revision procedures. The burden on home country health systems was evident from a public health perspective. Determining the extent of cosmetic tourism for breast augmentationincluding outcomes and complications, will help to inform Australian patients who this seek procedure abroad. Furthermore, it will aid in better understanding the health system implications and may help to guide future research and public health interventions both locally and internationally.

Motivational factors and psychological processes in cosmetic breast augmentation surgery. We investigated how and why prospective cosmetic breast augmentation patients decide to undergo such surgery.

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The can offer important insights to plastic surgeons in addressing their patients' motives and expectations, and thereby avoiding potential patient dissatisfaction and disappointment. It is also a necessary first step to better understand the increasing tendency among women in the Western society to seek cosmetic breast augmentation. A qualitative, descriptive and phenomenological de was employed. Fourteen female prospective breast augmentation patients, aged years, were recruited from a private plastic surgery clinic and interviewed in depth based on an informant-centred format.

We detected four psychological processes associated with cosmetic breast augmentation surgery create, improve, repair and restore. The data could further be categorised into one basic drive femininitysix generating factors appearance dissatisfaction, ideal figure, self-esteem, comments, clothes and sexuality and five eliciting factors motivating the decision media, knowledge of former patients, physicians, finances and romantic partner.

These new insights into how and why women seek cosmetic breast augmentation may aid plastic surgeons in enhancing their communication with patients.

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This can be achieved by addressing the patient's psychological process and motives, and thereby better assist them in making the best decision possible in their particular situation. It may also lay the groundwork for future quantitative studies on the prevalence of certain motives for undergoing such surgery and, as such, help explain the increasing popularity of cosmetic breast-augmentation surgery.

Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Psychosocial characteristics and motivational factors in woman seeking cosmetic breast augmentation surgery. There are various opinions regarding the factors motivating women to undergo breast augmentation.

The aim of this study was to estimate motivation for augmentation mammaplasty AMself-esteem and body image perception in breast augmentation patients. This prospective study involved AM patients operated in the Clinical Center of Vojvodina during a 3-year period. A total of 45 patients responded to our package of questionnaires deed to assess motivation for surgery, self-esteem level and body image perception.

Those patients were compared to the control group of women who did not want to change their breast size, and who were similar in their age, social status and education level. Differences in marital status, educational level, habitation and employment status were statistically inificant, but there was a ificantly lower body mass index BMI in the operated women. Considering motives for surgery, a few factors were distinguished: desire to feel more feminine Both groups demonstrated a high self-esteem level, but in the the AM group were lower than in the control group.

The women in the AM group had chosen ificantly smaller body size as maximally attractive, and had chosen a narrower attractive body size range than the women in the control group. Preoperative evaluation of patients' motives for surgery can help surgeons to exclude woman with unrealistic expectations and different psychological problems.

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Cosmetic breast surgery - discharge. Higdon KK. Reduction mammaplasty. In: Neligan PC, ed. Plastic Surgery. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; Gabriel A. Breast augmentation. Breast augmentation surgery. Talk with a plastic surgeon if you are considering breast augmentation. The plastic surgeon will do a routine breast exam. Augmentation mammoplasty remains the most common cosmetic surgery procedure performed. Retrospective chart review of the patients identified using these criteria was performed to record patient characteristics, complications, breast volume, implant volume, and percentage change in volume at the time of reconstruction.

A total of patients were included in the study with 63 patients who underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy, patients who underwent skin-sparing mastectomy, and 64 patients who underwent augmentation with subsequent mastectomy. Patients who undergo nipple-sparing mastectomy or mastectomy following augmentation have. Secondary Breast Augmentation. After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Assess common clinical problems in the secondary breast augmentation patient.

Describe a treatment plan to correct the most common complications of breast augmentation. Provide surgical and nonsurgical options for managing complications of breast augmentation. Decrease the incidence of future complications through accurate assessment, preoperative planning, and precise surgical technique. Breast augmentation has been increasing steadily in popularity over the past three decades. Many of these patients present with secondary problems or complications following their primary breast augmentation.

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Two of the most common complications are capsular contracture and implant malposition. Familiarity and comfort with the assessment and management of these complications is necessary for all plastic surgeons. An up-to-date understanding of current devices and techniques may decrease the need to manage future complications from the current cohort of breast augmentation patients.

Breast augmentation - slideshow. Bethesda, MD U. Reductive Augmentation of the Breast. We present a technique of breast reduction combined with augmentation termed "reductive augmentation " to solve this problem. The technique is also extremely useful for correcting breast asymmetry, as well as revising ificant pseudoptosis in the patient who has ly undergone breast augmentation with or without mastopexy.

An evolution of techniques has been used to create a breast with more upper pole fullness and anterior projection in those patients desiring a more round, higher-profile appearance. Reductive augmentation is a one-stage procedure in which a breast augmentation is immediately followed by a modified superomedial pedicle breast reduction. Often, the excision of breast tissue is greater than would normally be performed with breast reduction Sculptor seeking woman with breast impants for casting. Thirty-five patients underwent reductive augmentationof which 12 were primary surgeries and 23 were revisions.

There was an average tissue removal of and g, respectively, per breast for the primary and revision groups. Six of the reductive augmentations were performed for gross asymmetry. Fourteen patients had a mastopexy, and 3 patients had a breast reduction. The average follow-up was 26 months.

Reductive augmentation is an effective one-stage method for achieving a more round-appearing breast with upper pole fullness both in primary breast reduction candidates and in revisionary breast surgery. This technique can also be applied to those patients with ificant asymmetry.

This journal requires that authors as a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www. Assessing cosmetic after breast conserving surgery. The application of this principle translates into equivalent survival of breast cancer conserving treatment BCT when compared to mastectomy, with a better cosmetic outcome. While it is relatively easy to evaluate the oncological of BCT, the cosmetic outcome is more difficult to measure due to the lack of an effective and consensual procedure.

Unfortunately, the reproducibility of these methods is low. Objective methods have higher values of reproducibility but still lack the inclusion of several features considered by specialists in BCT to be fundamental for cosmetic outcome.

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The recent addition of volume information obtained with 3D images seems promising. Until now, unfortunately, no method is considered to be the standard of care. This paper revises the history of cosmetic evaluation and guides us into the future aiming at a method that can easily be used and accepted by all, caregivers and caretakers, allowing not only the comparison of but the improvement of performance.

Cancer risk among Los Angeles women with cosmetic breast implants. As the first generation of women who received cosmetic breast implants ages, questions remain about cancer risk. This study is an update of the Los Angeles Augmentation Mammaplasty Study and examines cancer risk among women with long-term exposure to breast implants. The authors conducted a record linkage cohort study of patients with cosmetic breast implants by abstracting from records of the private practices of 35 board-certified plastic surgeons in Los Angeles County, California.

They included Caucasian women who received cosmetic breast implants between and Spanish-surnamed women, nonresidents of Los Angeles County, and patients with prior subcutaneous mastectomy or breast cancer were excluded. Cancer outcomes through were ascertained through record linkage with the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program. With a mean follow-up period of ificant increases were observed for cancer of the lung and bronchus standardized incidence ratio, 2.

Sculptor seeking woman with breast impants for casting

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